Happiness Course

Phrasal Verbs 30 Important Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verb एक verb और adverb या preposition का एक संयोजन है। जैसे shut up और look after

I. To Act

1. Act against: (work against विपरीत कार्य करना)

Some men act against their own interest.

2. Act for: (in the interest of किसी के पक्ष में कार्य करना)

A pleader acts for his clients.

3. Act on : (follow कहे अनुसार कार्य करना)

I shall act on your advice.

4. Act under: (work under someone किसी के अधीन कार्य करना)

He is acting under the orders of his officer.

II. To Bear

1. Bear down : (crush दबा देना)

He will bear down all opposition.

2. Bear away (off) :(carry off प्राप्त करना)

He bore away (off) the prize at last.

3. Bear out : (confirm, support सिद्ध करना)

This evidence does not bear out the charge.

4. Bear (up) on: (have relation to, have influence on, be

relevant to से संबंध रखना)

How does this bear upon the problem.

5. Bear up: (to deal with a very sad or difficult situatio bravely मुश्किल समय में बहादुरी से काम लेना)

She is bearing up after the death of her father

6. Bear with : (tolerate सहन करना)

No teacher can bear with an insolent student.

III. To Break

1. To break the news: (to be the first to impart news सबसे प्रथम दुखद समाचार देना)

He broke the news of her husband’s death to her.

2. To break down: (to fail बिगड़ जाना P)

His health broke down under the strain of heavy work.

3. To break the ice : (to spcak first breaking an awkward silence सबसे पहले चुप्पी तोड़ना) 

At last he broke the ice and introduced the subject.

4. To break in : (To get into a building or can forcefully

In order to steal something  चोरी करने के लिए किसी इमारत या कार के अंदर बलपूर्वक घुसना)

The thieves broke in through the corridor window.

5. To break upon : (upon by force ताला तोड़ना)

Let us break upon the box.

6. To break out : (to appear suddenly अचानक प्रकट होना)

Riots and disorders have broken out in the city.

7. To break forth : (to come out suddenly from behind something किसी के पीछे से अचानक प्रकट होना)

The sun broke forth and all was light.

8. To break off: (to stop abruptly अचानक मध्य में रुक जाना)

He broke off in the middle of his story.

9. To break with: (to cease to be a friend with संबंध तोड़ लेना)

I broke with him when I found him insincere.

10. To break up : (to be dispersed तितर बितर होना)

The meeting broke up and the delegates went away.

IV. To Bring

1. To bring about: (cause to happen किसी बात को करवाना)

He brought about a reconciliation between the contending parties.

2. To bring forth: (to produce उत्पन्न करना)

A good tree brings forth good fruit.

3. To bring over: (to persuade to change sides अपनी ओर कर लेना)

Having brought over Chanakaya to his side, Chandra Gupta proceeded to kill his enemies.

4. To bring under : (subdue with greater trick चालाकी से अधीन करना)

The General brought under the rebellious army.

5. To bring up: (educate, rear पढ़ना-लिखना, पालन-पोषण करना)

Children should be well brought up.

6. To bring home: (to cause to feel the force of समझाना)

The charge of treachery was brought home to his mind.

7.To bring to book: (call to account स्पष्टीकरण मांगना )

He was brought to book before neglect of duty.

8. To bring round : (to persuade अपनी ओर करना)

He was brought round to our views.

9. To bring to light: (to make known प्रकट करना)

The matter was brought to light.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

10. To bring to bay : (force; compel; to oppose विरोध करने के लिए विवश करना)

The stag was brought to bay.

11. To bring in: (yield of capital, investment उत्पन्न करना )

This factory brings in 100,000/- a month.

12. To bring to pass (accomplish, carry out घटित करना, उत्पन्न करना)

This act of yours will bring to pass grave consequences.

V. To Come

1. To come about (to happen होना)

How did this sad incident come about.

2. To come off: (i) (come out) 

He came off successful in M.B.A. examination.

(ii) (take place) होना: 

When does school’s annual function come off.

3. To come of: (to be born in पैदा होना)

He comes of a rich and respectable family.

4. To come round:(i) (to agree मान जाना)

The mill-owner came round to the views of the workers and promised to meet their demands.

5. To come to grief: (to come to ruin बर्बाद होना)

He is squandering away the hard-earned money of his

parents and is sure to come to grief one day.

6. To come true : (to occur as expected जैसा सोचा था वैसा ही होना)

When he stood first in the university. I realized that my

prophecy had come true.

7. Come across: (meet मिलना)

On my way to school, I came across an old friend of mine.

8. Come down (price lowered कीमतें गिरना)

Gold has come down recently.

9. Come on : (Start शुरू होना )

The rain has just come on.

10. Come out: (be known, appear प्रकट / ज्ञात होना)

The truth has come out. The moon comes out.

11. Come to : (amount कीमत)

How much does it come to ?

12. To come to pass: (to happen होना)

The matter came to pass.

13. To come to light: (to be disclosed प्रकट होना)

The secret of his death never came to light.

14. To come to oneself: (to recover consciousness चेतना प्राप्त करना)

When Ram came to himself, he found himself in his own house.

15. To come by (to obtain प्राप्त करना)

How did you come by that book?

16. To come of age: (to attain majority वयस्क होना)

He has come of age and is fit to get married.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

17. To come at: (to reach पहुंचना)

It is not easy to come at the exact knowledge of things.

VI. CallI

1. Call for : (demand मांग करना)

The headmaster called for an explanation from the student for his conduct.

2. Call forth: (bring out निकालना                   

Adversity calls forth the best qualities in man.

3. Call in: (send for बुलावा भेजना)

He called in a doctor at once.

4. Call up : (i) (recollect याद करना)

I cannot call up past events.

ii) (telephone टेलीफोन करना) 

Call up the chemist and order some castor oil.

5. Call upon: (announce, ask घोषणा करना)

The president called upon me to make a speech.

To call for: (i) (to demand को जरूरत होना) 

His statement called for no remark.

(i) (to require) 

This offence calls for severe punishment.

7. To call on: (i) (to pay a short visit थोड़ी देर के लिए मिलना / मिलने के लिए बुलाना)

He called on me before leaving

the city.

(ii) (to invoke or request निवेदन करना) 

Call on me whenever you are in trouble.

8. Call on: (borrow from उधार लेना)

May I call on you for 100/-

9. To call at: (to pay a visit मिलना)

Whenever I call at his house, he gives a hearty welcome.

10. To call out: (i) (speak out जोर से बुलाना) 

He called out to his servant from a distance.

ii) (challenge to fight लड़ने के लिए ललकारना) 

He called his opponent out but the fellow did not come.

11. To call in question: (to doubt शक करना)

None could dare to call in question his honesty.

12. To call in order : (to call to attention ध्यान आकर्षित करना)

The speaker called the house to order before the minister began his speech.

13. To call to account: (to take to task लताड़ना)

He was called to account for his misbehaviour in the classroom.

VII. Carry

1. Carry on: (manage कार्यभार संभालना) 

In the absence of the headmaster, the deputy carried on the work.

2. Carry out: (execute के अनुसार कार्य करना) 

I shall gladly cary out your instructions.

3. Carry the day: (to be successful सफल होना) 

For the time being, the liberals seem to have carried the day.

4. Carry weight: (i) to possess authority आधिकारिक रूप से उचित होना) 

His proposal carries weight.

(ii) to have influence (प्रभाव होना) Your recommendation will carry weight with the imperial jury.

5. To carry weight: (to win a contest प्रतियोगिता जीतना)

Our college team carried the weight in a one-day cricket match.

6. To carry off : (i) (to kill मारना) Thousands of people were carried off by the epidemic.

(ii) (to win जीतना) Our college team carried off prize in the debate competition.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

7. To carry through: (support to the end अंत तक साथ देना)

His determination and labour carried him through all dificulties.

8. To carry coal to Newcastle ; (to do something superfiuous गैर जरूरी कार्य करना)

Raising a subscription fund to help a rich man will carry the coal to Newcastle.

9. To carry into effect: (put into action अमल में लाना)

He had many schemes in his mind for short-cut way to progress but he couldn’t carry them all into effect owing to his early death.

10. To carry the point : (to be successful in anything that is being discussed विचार विमर्श किए गए सभी मुद्दों में सफल होना)

I carried the point in debate organized by our literary society.

VIII. Cast          

1. To cast down: (dejected निराश)

He looks very cast down after failure in the examination.

2. To cast aside : (reject as useless व्यर्थ समझकर नकार देना)

His plea for improvement in the college library was cast aside by the principal.

3. To cast off: (to discard संबंध तोड़ लेना)

His relatives and friends have cast him of after his marriage with a south Indian girl.

4. To cast in one’s lot with: (share the fortunes and misfortunes of भाग्य दुर्भाग्य बांटना)

Kashmir decided to cast in her lot with the Indian Union.

5. To cast pearls before swine : (to offer to a person things which he can’t appreciate जो व्यक्ति जिन वस्तुओं की कदर नहीं करता वह चीजें उसे देना )

To talk on morality before rogues is to cast pearls before swine.

6. A casting vote : (the vote which decides when the voting is otherwise equal निर्णायक वोट)

The President’s casting vote decided the matter because

the votes for and against this motion were equal.

IX. Cut

1. Cut down: (reduce कम करना)

Prices have risen, we must cut down our expense

2. Cut in: (interrupt बात काटना)

While he was speaking, Sardul kept cutting in.

3. Cut off: (die मरना)

Keats was cut off in the prime of life.

4. Cut out : (to Separate, debar मार कर अलग करना)

The lioness cut out the antelope from the head and pounced upon it.

5. Cut up: (affect प्रभावित होना)

Father was greatly cut up by his son’s death.

6. To be cut out for a position: (to be fitted for उचित होना)

He seems to be cut out for a police officer.

7. To be cut up : (to be in griefr दुखी होना)

His father has died and he is very much cut up about it.

8. To cut short : (to stop रोकना)

He was making his speech when he was cut short by the cries of shame, shame.

9. To cut dead : (not to recognize intentionally someone known to न पहचानना)

Although he was my classmate yet he cut me dead when I met him in his office.

10. To cut the Gordian knot: (to solve a difficulty boldly बहादुरी से परेशानी का हल निकालना)

S. Patel cut the Gordian knot by taking police action against Hyderabad.

X. Draw

1. Draw back: (retreated वापस/ पीछे जाना)

Seeing the snake, the child drew back.

2. Draw a blank: (not find ढूंढ न पाना)

They looked for him all over the town but drew a blank.

3. Draw near : (approach पास आना)

Holidays are drawing near.

4. Draw on: (approach होना)

As night drew on, they quickened their pace.

5. Draw up: (prepare तैयार करना)

He is drawing up the agreement.

XI. Drop

1. To drop off: (i) (to decrease कम करना) 

The attendance at the congregation is dropping off steadily.

(i) (to fall गिरना) 

The leaves of the trees drop of in


2. To drop in: (to pay informal visit मिलने / घूमने जाना)

During my short visit to Agra last week, I dropped in there to meet an old friend

XII. Fall

1. Fall back: (retreat, withdraw वापस जाना)

The defeated armies fell back.

2. fall flat: (produce no effect कोई प्रभाव ना दिखाना)

His suggestions fell flat.

3, Fall in: (collapse गिरना)

After the rains the roof fell in.

4. Fall in love: (become filled with love प्रेम करना )

He fell in love with her.

5. Fall off: (diminish कम होना)

Friends fall of in adversity.

6. Fall out: (quarrel लड़ना)

Leave the children alone for a minute and they will fall out.

7. Fall through: (fail असफल होना)

For want of support his scheme fell through.

8. Fall upon: (attack आक्रमण करना)

The police fell upon the thieves and beat them up.

9. To fall back upon: (to have resources for the time of need जरूरत के लिए साधन रखना)

Everyone should lay by something to fall back upon in an emergency.

10. To fall flat (to drop to the grounds मुंह के बल गिरना, बेअसर हो ना)

I gave him a blow and he fell flat on the ground.

11. To fall in with:(i) (agree with सहमत होना) 

I hope he will soon fall in with my views.

(ii) (Meet) (अचानक मिलना) 

While going to college, I fell with an old friend to mine

12. To fall through: (to come to nothing निरर्थक होना)

His resolution fell through for want of suppot.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

13. To. fall foul of : to quarrel झगड़ना)

He has fallen foul of me although I have not harmed him in any way.

14. To fall to the ground: (to be rendered futile मिट्टी में मिल जाना)

He got only 45% marks in 12th, and all his hopes to become a doctor fell to the ground.

15. To fall short of: (fail to meet the standard अपेक्षा से मेल नहीं खाना)

Your result has fallen short of my expectation.

16. To fall heavy: (To be burdensome बहुत अधिक बोझ होना)

The rent fell heavy on the tenants.

17. To Fall: (To appear dejected मुंह उतर जाना)

His face fell when he was accused of theft.


1. To get at: (to reach किसी तक पहुंचना)

The tiger could not get at the stag on account of the thick jungle.

2. To get over: (to overcome (पर) विजयी होना, पार करना) 

I hope to get over this difficulty with your help.

3. To get into hot water: (to get involved in a difficulty मुश्किल में फंस जाना)

You have got into hot water about this matter.

4. To get on : (to make progress उन्नति करना)

How are you getting on with your studies ?

5. To get off: (to escape बच जाना)

He got off with impunity.

6. To get through: (to finish, to pass समाप्त करना, सफल करना)

I got through that book. I hope you will get through the examination.

7. To get by heart: (to commit to memory जबानी याद करना)  

He got his lesson by heart.

8. To get wind of: (i) (to hear a rumour अफवाह सुनना, सबको पता चलना, सब ओर फैल जाना) 

They got wind of the plot and smashed it.

(ii) (to become widely known) The story of his escape from the person got wind.

9. To get up : (to prepare or to rise तैयार करना, उठना)

He got up a petition.

I get up at five o’ clock.

10. To get rid of or quit of: (to be free from छुटकारा पाना)

I cannot get rid of this place.

11. To get the start: (to take advantage लाभ उठा जाना)

They tried to get the start of us in business.

XIV. To Give

1. To give in: (to yield हार मान लेना)

Rana Pratap did not give in to the Mughal Emperor.

2. To give wide berth to: (keep well away from, at a safe

distance from बच कर रहना) 

It will be wise on your part of give wide berth to the city as cholera is raging there.

3. To give an inkling : (to give a hint इशारा करना) 

He gave an inking of this matter to me.

4. To give the lie to : (to contradict विपरीत होना)

His actions gave the lie to his words.

5. To give vent to : (to express अपने भाव प्रकट करना)

When he heard the sad news he gave vent to his feelings in a loud cry.

6. To give out: (to express, to declare घोषित करना)

He gave out that he was the rightful heir.

7. To be given to : (to be addicted to बुरी आदत में फंसना)

The man is given to the use of wine.

8. To give up: (to abandon छोड़ देना)  

I have given up the idea of going to Shimla this summer.

9. To give over: (to hand over; deliver सौंपना)

We must give the thief over to the police.

10. To give oneself up to: (to devote अर्पित करना)

He gave himself up to God.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

11. Give away: (distribute बांटना)

The president gave away the prizes for debate.

12. Give way (break टूटना)

The bridge gave way.

13. To give oneself airs: (to behave in an arrogant manner

घमंड में आना)

Having stood first in the examination, he gave himself


14. To give one the lie : (to condemn one as a liar झूठे की निंदा करना)

India gave Pakistan the lie by proving the latter’s complicity in the aeroplane hijack.

15. To give rise to : (cause or produce पैदा करना)

His conduct in the meeting gave rise to opposition.

16. To give one the slip: (to avoid one who is looking for the other आंख बचाकर भाग निकलना) 

The police were going to arrest the thief but he gave them the slip and made good his escape.

XV. Go

1. Go by: judge from आंकना)

It is not wise to go by appearances.

2. Go down or up : (decrease or increase in price कीमत नीचे ऊपर होना)

Sugar has gone down but wheat has gone up.

3. Go for: (sell बिकना)

These pens are going for ₹ twelve each.

4. Go in for: (i) (compete प्रतिभाग करना) 

Mr. Kabir went in for the IA.S. examination last year.

ii) (take as one’s object चुनाव करना) 

I go in for Hindi as the medium of instruction.

(iii) (take part in हिस्सा लेना) 

He goes in for all kinds of sport.

5. Go into : (examine जांच परख करना)

The magistrate promised to go into the matter himself.

6. Go off: (fire गोली चलाना / चलना)

The gun went off all of sudden.

7. Go out: (extinguish समाप्त होना)

That is the second time to-night the light has gone. 

8. Go through: (examine ध्यान पूर्वक पढ़ना)

Go through the account books carefully.

9. Go without: (endure the lack of something के बिना)

He had to go without food today.

10. Go without saying : (is obvious स्पष्ट, स्वत:)

It goes without saying that he is the ring leader.

11. To go down: (i) (decrease in price कीमत गिरना)

Prices of wheat have considerably gone down.

(ii).(to sink डूब जाना) 

The ship was bombarded by enemy and it went down.

12. To go through: (to suffer से गुजरना)

The poor student had to go through many hardships to receive education.

13. To go to the dogs: (to be ruined बर्बाद होना)

He is practicing fast living by fast earning and is sure to go to the dogs one day.

14. To go to the wall: (forced to yield भरपूर प्रयत्न करना)

The weak must go to the wall by their determination and hard work.

15. To go hard with one : (to prove troublesome मुश्किल में डालने वाला)

His fiery speech at the meeting went hard with him. People started shouting at him.

16. To go with the stream : (to behave as the others do दूसरों जैसा व्यवहार करना)

It is always easy to go with the stream and never oppose


17. To go all lengths : (use every effort हर संभव कोशिश करना)

I am prepared to go all lengths to help you.

18. To go: (failure and of no avail व्यक्त होना)

The Hindu Code Bill was criticized by all the Hindus and it had to go.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

XVI. Hold

1. Hold back: (keep secret गुप्त रखना)

Don’t hold back the information.

2. Hold in : (to restrain or keep in check रोक लगाना)

The king was furious at the prince but was held in by the queen.

3. Hold over (postpone स्थगित करना)

The case was held over till the next day.

4. To hold one’s tongue : (to be silent चुप्पी साधना)

The fellow kept grumbling and would not hold his tongue.

5. To hold good: (to continue in force प्रयोग में रहना)

This rule holds good even in modern time.

6. To hold out: (maintain resistance: not give way हार ना मानना, डटे रहना)

The garrison will hold out to the last.

7. To hold in check: (to restrain प्रतिबंध लगाना)

It is difficult to hold him in check.

8. To hold water: (be sound, valid, logical तर्क संगत)

Your argument doesn’t hold water.

9. To hold good: (to be effective प्रभावशाली होना)

Now that the ministry has changed, this law does not

to hold good.

10. hold the stage: (to hold the attention of the audience श्रोताओं का ध्यान आकर्षित करना)

My friend keeps the audience spellbound and can hold the stage as long as he may choose to do it.

11. To hold one’s own : (to maintain one’s position अपनी प्रतिष्ठा बनाए रखना)

He is capable of holding his own.

12. To hold one guiltless: (to consider one innocent किसी को निर्दोष घोषित करना)

The judge held him guiltless and acquitted him.

13. To hold wager: (to lay a wager शर्त लगाना)

He held a wager but lost it.

14. To hold one’s head high: (to bear oneself proudly गर्व से सिर ऊंचा रखना)

The praise he got made him hold his head high.

15. To hold up one’s head : (to have no reason to be

ashamed निडरतापूर्वक सामना करना )

He owns no debt and so can hold up his head.

XVII. Keep

1. To keep back: (to withhold छुपाना)

He kept nothing back from me.

2. To keep house: (to manage domestic affairs घर की व्यवस्था करना)

Generally women keep house.

3. To keep well: (to do well अच्छे होना)

I hope you are keeping well.

4. To keep company with: (to mix मिलना जुलना)

One should keep company with the wise and the good.

5. To keep wolf from the door: (keep off starvation भूख से बचना)

He succeeded in keeping the wolf from the door with great effort.

6. To keep an eye upon: (to watch carefully ध्यान रखना)

Keep an eye upon the boy or he will be spoiled.

7. To keep one in suspense (to keep one in a state of uncertainty किसी को अनिश्चित अवस्था में रखना)

I hope you will write to me often and not keep me in suspense.

8. To keep aloof: (to refrain from mixing किसी से दूर दूर रहना)

He kept aloof from bad company.

9. To keep up with: (to keep pace with कदम मिलाना)

He walked so fast that I could not keep up with him.

10. To keep person in the dark about a thing: (to keep a thing hidden from someone किसी को भेज न बताना)

If you want to keep a secret, then keep him in the dark about it.

11. Keep away : (remain absent अनुपस्थित होना)

You kept away from home for two days.

12. Keep from: (to abstain from दूर रहना / परहेज रखना)

It is better to keep from smoking than do it and suffer.

13. Keep good health : (maintain बनाए रखना)

I do not keep good health these days.

14. Keep in with: (remain in good terms with अच्छे संबंध होना)

I believe in keeping in with my neighbours.

15. Keep off: (Prevent बचाना)

The hood of the car keeps off’the sun and rain.

16. Keep on: (continue to do or work निरंतर कार्य करना )

Keep on until you are tired.

17. Keep pace with: (advance at equal rate with के साथ बराबर चलना)

I cannot keep pace with the class in English.

18. Keep up: (i) (cause to remain high उच्च स्थिति में रहना)

Keep up your spirits.

(ii) (maintain बनाए रखना) 

We should try to keep up the reputation of our college.

19. To keep up appearances: (to put up outward show बाह्य परिस्थिति बनाए रखना)

Though the teachers are poorly paid yet they have to keep up appearances.

20. To keep abreast of or with (not to fall behind न पिछड़ना)

We must keep abreast with scientific inventions.

21. To keep at arm’s length: (keep away from intimacy दूरी बनाए रखना)

He is a rascal and I always keep him at arm’s length.

22. To keep one’s countenance : (to keep a calm and unchanged countenance शांत रहना)

I was at the point of laughing but I kept my countenance because my father’s condition was not well.

23. To keep body and soul together: (to keep away from starvation गुजारा करना)

The workers are so poorly paid that they can hardly keep body and soul together.

24. To keep company with: (to be in society of संगति में रहना)

Intelligent students don’t keep company with notorious agents.

25. To keep one’s head above water: (to keep one’s position स्वयं का अस्तित्व बनाए रखना)

A middle class man finds it difficult to keep him above water in these days of galloping prices.

26. To keep one’s door: (to blame charge someone for something आरोप लगाना )

We should admit our faults and never lay them at another door.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs


1. Lay aside or Lay away: (put away ताक पर रखना )

She laid aside all feelings of shyness and spoke boldly

2. Lay by: (reserve बचाकर रखना)

Lay by something for future use.

3. Lay down: (i) (surrender समर्पण करना) 

The rebels laid down their arms.

i) (fix, prescribe निश्चित करना) 

The NCERT has laid down a detailed syllabus.

(ii) (sacrifice बलिदान करना) 

The freedom fighters laid down their lives for the freedom of their country.

4. Lay on: (to give blows with givour प्रहार करना)

The villagers laid on the thieves with their staves.

5. Lay up: (confine to bed बीमार पड़ना)

He is laid up with influenza.

6. Lay out: (i) (Spend खर्च करना) 

He laid out hundred rupees in books.

(il) (Put into designing shape खाका बनाना )

The committee has laid out gardins for public use.

7. To lay a fire: (to arrange combustible material fe

kindling जलाना)

At the Lohri festival, people lay fire at Punjab Bhawan.

8. To lay heart: (to think seriously or ponder over गंभीरता से सोचना)

The only way to get knowledge is that we should lay heart to everything we study.

XIX. Look

1. To look after : (to take care of देखभाल करना)

You must look after his children in his absence.

2. To look down on or upon: (to treat with indifference or contempt घृणा करना )

i) He is so proud of his promotion that he looks down upon all his former friends.

(ii) The rich should not look down upon the poor.

To look for: (to search for or to expect खोज करना)

(i) He is looking for his keys.

(ii) We shall look for you tomorrow.

4. To look in the face : (to face or meet boldly किसी का निडरता पूर्वक सामना करना)

You must look these difficulties in the face.

5. To look into (to examine or inspect closely पड़ताल करना)

When we look into the works of nature, we discover marvellous evidence of skill and design.

6. To look on or upon: (to consider or regard समझना)

We look on or upon him as our guide.

7. To look over: (to examine जांच करना)

The students requested their teacher to look over their answer papers.

8. To look through: (to examine carefully ध्यान पूर्वक जांच करना)

Please look through the book and tell me what you think of it.

9. To look upto : (to respect, to regard with का आदर करना)

We look upto you as our friend and guide.

10. To look to: (to watch, to take care of, to hope to obtain something ध्यान रखना देखरेख करना आशा करना) 

(i) I hope you will look to the arrangements.

(ii) In his hardships he looked to God.

11. Look forward: (expect with pleasure प्रसन्नता पूर्वक प्रतीक्षा करना)

The children are looking forward to the visit of their grandfather.

12. Look on as : (consider की तरह मानना)

The old woman looks on me as her son.

13. Look out for: (watch ढूंढना / देखना)

Look out for me at the tonga-stand.

14. Look small: (to feel ashamed or foolish लज्जित होना)

When proved wrong, the boaster looked small.

15. Look up : (i) (consult the time table टाइम टेबल देखना)

I have to look up the trains to Bhopal.

(i) (find the meaning of अर्थ ढूंढना) 

Look up this word in the Concise Oxford Dictionary.

ii) respect सम्मान करना) : 

His pupils look up to him.

16. To look daggers: (to look angrily क्रोध पूर्वक देखना)

He looked daggers at me when I insulted his brother.

17. To look a gift horse in the mouth: (to find defects in a gift उपहार में दोष ढूंढना)

Instead of thanking me for the precious gift, she began to look the gift horse in the mouth.

XX. Make

1. To make light of : (to treat a matter lightly साधारण बात समझना)

He always makes light of my needs.

2. To make after: (to pursue पीछा करना)

The policeman made after the murderer.

3. To make at: (to move towards किसी की ओर जाना)

The lion made at the goat stealthily.

4. To make away with: (To destroy जान से मार देना)

Chandra Gupta made away with Nanda to usurp the throne of Magadha.

5. To make upto : (to approach किसी की ओर जाना)

The robber made upto us with boldness.

6. To make out: (to understand समझना)

I cannot make out the meaning of what you say.

7. To make off (to run away कोई वस्तु उठाकर भाग जाना)

The terrorists made off with the loot.

8. To make neither head nor tail of anything: (to be unable to understand कुछ भी न समझ सकना)

I could make neither head nor tail of his speech.

9. To make mountain of a mole hill : (to exaggerate बढ़ा चढ़ा कर कहना) 

The matter was trivial, but he has made mountain of a mole hill.

10. To make amends: (to make some concession हानि को पूरा करना  )

He made amends for his rude conduct and was pardoned.

11. To make headway: (to make progress उन्नति करना)

The student, though working very hard, does not seem to make any headway.

12. To make both ends meet: (to live within one’s own income गुजारा करना)

In these hard times, it is very difficult to make both ends meet.

13. Make for: (lead to का कारण बनना )

Contentment makes for happiness.

14. Make good the loss: (restore money lost or compensate

the loss खोया धन वापस पाना या उसकी हानि की पूर्ति होना)

Sir Walter Scott had to make good the loss.

15. Make it up : (be reconciled समझौता होना)

The two brothers shook hands and made it up.

16. Make off: (carry away ले जाना)

The tiger seized the lamb and made off with it into the thicket.

17. Make one’s mouth water: (make one wish to eat मुंह में पानी आना)

These dainty dishes simply make my mouth water.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

18. Make out: (discover, understand समझ आना)

I can’t make out what this telegram means.

19. Make over : (hand over देना)

Make over your luggage to the porter.

20. Make straight: (go directly towards सीधे जाना)

Hearing the report, we made straight for the scene of the occurrence.

21. Make up : (end the quarrel or misunderstanding and become friends again लड़ाई समाप्त कर पुनः मित्र हो जाना)

They have made up their differences by now.

22. Make up one’s mind (determine निश्चय करना)

He made up his mind to work hard.

23. To make a hit: (to be a success सफल होना)

Dilip Kumar made a hit in ‘Azad’ and was declared the best actor of the decade.

24. To make sense of (understand समझना)

I could not make sense of his speech in Russian.

25. To make away with : (i) (kill मारना) 

The dacoits made away with the rich man.

(ii) (remove in an underhand manner दुरुपयोग करना) 

He has made away with his father’s money.

26. To make one’s way: (to advance आगे बढ़ना)

I am not able to make my way in Urdu.

27. To make up: (i) (collect into a mass इकट्ठा करना) 

He asked his servant to make up all the things in a bundle.

(ii) (adjust सामंजस्य करना) 

You should make up your quarrel with your friend.

(ii) (compensate क्षति पूर्ति करना) 

You can’t make up your loss in studies.

(iv) (determine दृढ़ निश्चय करना) 

I have made up my mind to leave this city.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

XXI. Pass

1. Pass away: (die मर जाना)

His father passed away at 9 p.m.

2. Pass by: (overlook ध्यान ना देना, अनदेखा करना)

He generally passes by the faults of his children.

3. Pass for: (be regarded as की तरह समझा जाना / माना जाना)

He passes for a very learned man.

4. Pass off: (be carried through)

The meeting of the strikers passed off quietly.

5. Pass off: (pretend to be का दिखावा करना)

Though not qualified, he passed off as a physician.

6. Pass through: (undergo से गुजरना)

I have passed through terrible sufferings.

7. To pass over: (i) (to go across के पार जाना) 

We have to pass over the bridge to reach the station.

(ii) (not to notice अनदेखी करना) 

He acted wisely by passing over the insulting remark.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

XXII. Pull

1. To pull a long face: (to look very serious अत्यंत गंभीर दिखना)

The old father pulled a very long face because his son disobeyed him.

2. To pull one’s leg : (to impose upon टांग खींचना)

He always tries to pull my leg whenever the question of donation arises.

3. To pull one through: (to make one recover को ठीक करना)

The doctor has promised to pull the patient througih the serious illness and recovery can be seen in him only after four days.

4. To pull together: (to work together साथ साथ काम करना)

Now-a-days, what to talk of neighbours, even brothers cannot pull together.

5. Pull up: (i) stop रोकना) 

The rider pulled up the horse at the door of an old palace as he wanted to stay there.

(ii) (to have courage हिम्मत दिखाना: The soldier pulled up their spirits and fought against the enemy.

6. To put down: (suppress or crush कुचलना)

The British had put down the Indians especially the poor with a heavy hand.


1. Put by: (lay aside for time of need भविष्य के लिए संचय करना)

Please put by some money against the rainy day.

2. Put down : (suppress दमन करना)

The revolt was quickly put down.

3. To put forth: (to exert शक्ति लगाना)

The boy put forth all his strength to gain success

4. To put on: (to wear पहनना)

I put on my clothes and departed.

5. To put off: (to take off or to postpone उतारना, टालना)

(i) Before going to bed you should put off your day clothes.

(ii) The meeting was put off till the 7th of the new month.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

6. To put out: (extinguish बुझाना)

He put out the lamp before going to bed.

7. To put up with: (to stay, to endure, to suffer patiently ठहरना, सहन करना)

(i) I put up with my friend when I go to Chandigarh.

(ii) I will not put up with such a treatment.

8. To put to death:(to slay कत्ल कर देना)

Kumar put Supriya to death.

9. To put to flight : (to cause to run away भगा देना)

The appearance of the lion put the man to flight.

10. To put to sword: (to kill तलवार से मारना)

The enemy put to sword all the men captured in the war.

11. To put the cart before the horse : (to put a thing in the wrong order गलत ढंग से कार्य करना)

To teach writing before reading is to put the cart before the horse.

12. To put one’s best foot foremost: (to try one’s best पूरा प्रयत्न करना)

Put your best foot foremost to achieve success.

13. To put into irons: (imprison कैद करना)

The king put all his enemies into irons.

14. To put by or lay by: (to lay aside for future use भविष्य के लिए संचय करना)

He put by a large sum for old age.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

15. To put one’s shoulder to the wheel: (to try oneself and not to take to others for help स्वयं अपनी सहायता करना)

If you wish to achieve success put your shoulder to tne wheel.

16. To put to vote: (to decide by taking votes मतदान द्वारा निर्णय करना)

The proposal was then put to vote and carried unanimously.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs


1. Run down : (i) (become weak कमजोर होना) 

She has been working hard and has much run down.

(ii) (speak ill of किसी के बारे में बुरा भला बोलना) 

Oiver was always running down his brother Orlando.

(iii) (stop बंद होना) The clock has run down and will not go unless it is wound.

Run into : (i) collide टकराना) 

A passenger train ran into a shunting engine.

(ii) incur होना / डूब जाना) 

My brother has run into debt.

3. Run out : (get exhausted समाप्त हो जाना)

My savings ran out in less than a year.

4. Run over: (Pass over, crush कुचला जाना)

He was run over by a car.

5. Run short of : (has insufficient supply अपर्याप्त (धन) होना)    

My friend always runs short of money towards the end of the month.

6. Run through: (squander बर्बाद करना)

The spendthrit has run through his fortune.

7. Run upon: (be concerned with से संबंधित होना)

The boys thoughts are always running upon food.

XXV. Set

1. To set about: (to begin to apply oneself to किसी काम में लग जाना)

I recommend you to set about your studies without delay.

2. To set apart: (to reserve अलग करना या रखना)

One day in a week is set apart as a holiday.

3. To set aside : (to disregard कोई ध्यान न देना)

He set aside all objections and granted my request.

4. To set down: (to record लिख लेना)

The magistrate set down in writing all the statements Ram made.

5. To set in (to begin आरंभ होना)

Winter has set in early this year.

6. To set off or set forth : (to depart रवाना होना)

He set off or set forth on his trip.

7. To set out: (to start चल पड़ना)

He set out on a long journey.

6 To set up for: (to establish oneself as किसी काम में अपने आप को लगा देना)

Ram has now set up for a grocer.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

9. set upon : (to attack हमला करना)

The dogs set upon the stranger.

10. To set a thing on foot: (to begin a thing किसी कार्य को आरंभ करना)

He set this mischief on foot.

11. To set the Thames on fire (to achieve something amazing असाधारण कार्य करना)

I can work hard but lack the capacity to set the Thames on fire.

12. To set our own house in order : (To put one’s affairs in order घर संभालना)

Let us try to set our own house in order.

13. To set free (to make free)

All the prisoners were set free.

14. To set one’s face against: (to oppose determinely कड़ा विरोध करना)

He has set his face against this scheme and will not let it succeed.

15. Set on : (i) (attack हमला होना) 

Yesterday he was set on by his enemies.

ii) (determine दृढ़ निश्चय करना) 

I am set on going to Kashmir this summner.

16. Set one down: (snub someone नीचा दिखाना)

It had become necessary to set him down.

17. Set to: (begin शुरू करना)

Let us set to work at once.

18. Set up :(i) (establish स्थापना करना) 

He has set up a broker’s shop.

(ii) (erect लगाना) 

The traders set up their stalls on the road on the day of the fair.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs


1. See into (discern)

He could not see into his full meaning.

2. See one off: (see one depart विदा करना)

I went to see my friend off at the railway station.

3. See one’s way : (find out the way रास्ता ढूंढना)

I hope you will see your way to grant my request.

4. See through : (detect रहस्य या चाल को समझना)

I could easily see through the trick.

5. See to: (attend to ध्यान रखना)

He saw to our comfort in every way.

6. Not to see eye to eye: (disagree असहमत होना)  

I don t see eye to eye with you.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs


1. To take after: (to resemble शक्ल का मिलना)

The girl has took after her mother.

2. To be taken aback (to be surprised हैरान रह जाना)

I was taken aback when I heard the news of his failure in the examination.

3. To take leave of a person: (to bid farewell विदाई लेना)

I took leave of my parents.

4. To take one for something: (to suppose कल्पना करना)

I took her for a teacher.

5. To take in (to understand; to deceive समझना, धोखा देना)

I could not take in her meaning. He is too clever to be easily taken in by you.

6. To take up (to occupy जगह लेना)

He took up his abode in that house.

7. To be taken up with: (occupied with किसी कार्य में लगे होना)

He is quite taken up with his new business.

8. To take in hand (to undertake किसी कार्य को हाथ में लेना)

He took in hand too much work.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

9. To take place: (to be held होना)

The meet will take place at 4 p.m.

10. To take to task: (scold डांटना, फटकारना)

The teacher took Ram to task for coming late.

11. Take advantage of: (make use of का फायदा उठाना)

You should take advantage of the opportunity offered to you.

12. Take care: (look after देखभाल करना)

Take care of your health.

13. Take down: (write लिखना) 

I have engaged a man to take down my notes in shorthand.

14. Take for: (believe mistakenly गलत समझना)

He took a string for a snake.

15. Taken in: (deceived धोखे में आना)

He was quite taken in by her charming manners.

16. Take no notice : (pay no attention ध्यान न देना)

I took no notice of his remarks.

17. Take note: (note down लिख लेना)

He took note of all points referred by me.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

18. Take off: (remove हटाना / उतारना)

Take off your hat.

19. Take offence: (be hurt in one’s feelings आहत होना)

He took offence at my words.

20. Take pains (work hard कड़ा परिश्रम करना)

He took pains over his work.

21. Take to : (get into a habit आदत होना )

He took to drinking and lost everything.

22. To take by storm: (to capture suddenly अचानक पकड़ना)

They took the enemy by storm and imprisoned all the soldiers.

XVIII, Talk/Tell

1. To talk a person’s head off: (to bore one by excessive talk बहुत अधिक बोल कर किसी को बोर करना)

Whenever he comes, he takes my head of with his silly ideas.

2. To tell upon : (to effect one प्रभावित करना)

He is very much worried about his business and these worries have told upon his health.

XXIX. Throw

1. To throw dust in one’s eyes: (to deceive धोखा देना )

He has seen many ups and downs of life so it is difficult to throw dust in his eyes.

2. To throw down the gauntlet: (to challenge openly किसी को खुली चुनौती देना)

The Russian boxer threw down the gauntlet to all the boxers of the world.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

3. To threw cold water on (to discourage हतोत्साहित करना)

His father has thrown cold water on all his schemes of becoming an actor.

4. To throw up the sponge: (to acknowledge defeat हार स्वीकार कर लेना)

His opponent being a very strong man, he threw up the sponge without any further competition.

5. To put the strings: (real but hidden promoter of an act चोरी छिपे सहायता करने वाला, पर वास्तविक रूप से सहायक)

Many men of great ability don’t come in the limelight but put the strings from behind.

6. To put out of countenance (to cause to fear, to feel ashmed) भयभीत या शर्मिंदा करना) 

My allusion to her old love put her out of countenance.

XXX. To Turn

1. To turn against: (to become hostile विरुद्ध हो जाना)

Formerly Shyam was my friend but now he has turne

against me.

2. To turn down: (to reject अस्वीकार करना)

All their proposals were turned down by the party in power.

3. Turn a deaf ear to : (not to listen to ध्यान न देना)

She turned a deaf ear to his request.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

4. To turn off: (to check the passage of water नल बंद करना)

He turned off the tap and stopped water from flowing.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

5. To turn on : (to give free passage to water, etc./in

operation चालू करना)

Turn on the engine and let it warm up. 

Please turn the

tap on, we want some water.

6. To turn out: (to expel; to prove to be बाहर निकाल देना, सिद्ध होना)

(i) The student was turned out of the room for misbehaviour.

(ii) The matter urned out to be true.

7. To turn round : (to face another way, be in another direction दूसरी ओर जाना, घूम जाना)

Turn round and let him see your profile.

8. To turn up: (to make one’s appearance आना)

He turned up an hour late.

9. To turn on one’s heels: (to turn back and go away उल्टा लौट जाना)

Ram turned on his heels and departed.

10. To turn an honest penny : (to earn an honest living ईमानदारी से कमाना)

He turned an honest penny to support himself.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

11. To turn over a new leaf: (to begin a better course of life नया जीवन आरंभ करना)

At first Shyam was a vagabond over a new leaf.

12. Turn in: (go to bed सोना 

It is ten o’ clock, let us turn in.

13. Turn one off: (dismiss नौकरी से निकालना)

He means to turn his servant off.

14. Turn one’s back upon : (refuse to help सहायता करने से मना करना)

I appealed to my colleague for help, but he turned his back upon me.

15. To turn the head off: (to fill with pride and conceit गर्व से भर जाना)

Wealth turns the head off almost all the people.

16. To turn in one’s grave: (used for the dead when an act is committed which would have grieved them if alive जीते जी मर जाना)

Our ancestors will turn in their graves if they knew the short-cut ways of a modern young man to become rich within days.

17. To turn one’s hand to :(to take up an occupation कार्य करना)

A young man should be ready to turn his hand to anything but honestly which may fetch him a handsome living.

18. To turn turtle: (to overturn पलट जाना)

While taking a turn, the bus turned turtle and many passengers were killed.

19. To turn the tables on: (to cause a complete reversal of circumstances परिस्थितियां पूर्णतया बदल जाना)

At first the Indian team was winning but the German team turned the tables on them after the interval.

30 Important Phrasal Verbs

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30 Important Phrasal Verbs

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