Time and Tense-Future Tense

Time and Tense-Future Tense 

Future Tense से भविष्य का बोध होता है और इसके भी 4 रूप होते हैं। How To Read Grammar Rules Time and Tense-Future Tense

1. Future Indefinite

2. Future continuous

3. Future Perfect 

4. Future Perfect Continuous

1. Future Indefinite-

इससे यह बोध होता है कि कोई काम भविष्य काल में सामान्य रूप से होगा। इसकी बनावट इस तरह की होती है। Time and Tense-Future Tense 

Sub + will/shall + V1 +…..

I shall help everyone.

They will help us.

Note: यदि किसी वाक्य में tomorrow, next year, next month, next week आदि शब्दों का उपयोग किया जाता है, तब इस वाक्य की क्रिया सामान्यता Future Indefinite में होती है।

He will take his examination next year.

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Basic Structure of Future Indefinite-

Affirmative: Future Indefinite

Sub + will/shall + V1 +…..

Ram will come here tomorrow.

They will help us.

We shall play chess.

Negative: Future Indefinite

Sub + will/shall + V1 +…..

Ram will not come here tomorrow.

They will not help us.

We shall not play chess.

Interrogative: Future Indefinite

Will/shall + Sub + V1 +…..?

Will Ram come here tomorrow?

Will they help us?

Shall we play chess?

Interrogative-Negative: Future Indefinite

Will/shall + Sub + not + V1 +…..?

Will Ram not come here tomorrow?

Will they not help us?

Shall we not play chess?

Wh word Question: Future Indefinite

Wh word + will/shall + Sub + V1 +…..?

When will Ram come here?

Who will help us?

What shall we play?

How To Read Grammar Rules Time and Tense-Future Tense

2. Future Continuous Tense-

इससे यह पता चलता है कि कोई काम भविष्य काल में जारी रहेगा। इसकी बनावट इस  प्रकार की होती है।

Sub+ will/shall + be + Ving +….

I shall be reading.

He will be doing this work.

Basic Structure of Future Indefinite-

Affirmative: Future Continuous Tense

Sub + will/shall + be + Ving +…..

Ram will be playing chess.

They will be calling us.

We shall be cooking food.

Negative: Future Continuous Tense

Sub + will/shall + not + be + Ving +…..

Ram will not be playing chess.

They will not be calling us.

We shall not be cooking food.

Interrogative: Future Continuous Tense

Will/shall +Sub + be + Ving +…..?

Will Ram be playing chess?

Will they be calling us?

Shall we be cooking food?

Interrogative-Negative: Future Continuous Tense

Will/shall +Sub + not + be + Ving +…..?

Will Ram not be playing chess?

Will they not be calling us?

Shall we not be cooking food?

Wh word Question: Future Continuous Tense

Wh word + will/shall +Sub + be + Ving +…..?

What will Ram be playing?

Who will be calling us?

What shall we be cooking?

How To Read Grammar Rules Time and Tense-Future Tense

3. Future Perfect Tense-

इससे यह बोध होता है कि कोई काम भविष्य काल में किसी निर्धारित अवधि में समाप्त हो जाएगा। इसकी बनावट इस तरह की होती है।

Sub + will/shall + have + V3 +….

I shall have completed my work by 8 o’clock.

Basic Structure of Future Perfect Tense-

Affirmative: Future Perfect Tense

Sub + will/shall + have + V3 +….

You will have written that book by next week.

I shall have finished this work by tomorrow evening.

She will have come here.

Negative: Future Perfect Tense

Sub + will/shall + not + have + V3 +….

You will not have written that book by next week.

I shall not have finished this work by tomorrow evening.

She will not have come here.

Interrogative: Future Perfect Tense

Will/shall + Sub + have + V3 +….?

Will you have written that book by next week?

Shall I have finished this work by tomorrow evening?

Will she have come here?

Interrogative-Negative: Future Perfect Tense

Will/shall + Sub + not + have + V3 +….?

Will you not have written that book by next week?

Shall I not have finished this work by tomorrow evening?

Will she not have come here?

Wh word Question: Future Perfect Tense

Wh word + will/shall + Sub + have + V3 +….?

What will you have written by next week?

What shall I have finished by tomorrow evening?

Where will she have come?

How To Read Grammar Rules Time and Tense-Future Tense

4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense-

इसका उपयोग ऐसी क्रियाओं को बताने के लिए किया जाता है जो Future में किसी निश्चित समय तक जारी रहेगी। इसकी बनावट इस तरह की होती है।

Sub + will/shall + have + been + Ving +….

By the end of this month, they will have been studying here for 2 years.

By next August, they will have been working for this company for 10 years.

Basic Structure of Future Perfect Continuous Tense-

Affirmative: Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Sub + will/shall + have + been + Ving +….

I shall have been teaching them.

She will have been learning English.

Negative: Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Sub + will/shall + have + been + Ving +….

I shall not have been teaching them.

She will not have been learning English.

Interrogative: Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Will/shall + Sub + have + been + Ving +….?

Shall I have been teaching them?

Will she have been learning English?

Interrogative-Negative: Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Will/shall + Sub + not + have + been + Ving +….?

Shall I not have been teaching them?

Will she not have been learning English?

Wh word Question: Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Wh word + Will/shall + Sub + have + been + Ving +….?

Whom shall I have been teaching?

What will she have been learning?

How To Read Grammar Rules Time and Tense-Future Tense

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