Active-Passive Voice-English Grammar

Active-Passive Voice-English Grammar

किसी भी कथन को हम दो तरह से बोल सकते हैं। उन्हीं दो तरीकों को voice (active voice-passive voice) कहा जाता हैं। How To Solve Active-Passive Voice Competitive

Active Voice- जब हम Subject के द्वारा कोई कथन कहते हैं तो वह Active Voice कहलाता है।

Passive Voice- जब हम Object के द्वारा कोई कथन कहते हैं तो वह Passive Voice कहलाता है।

Active Voice से Passive Voice बनाने के नियम निम्न है-

1. Active voice से Passive voice में बदलते समय हम वाक्य के subject और object के स्थान परस्पर बदल देते हैं।

2. Passive voice में हमेशा मुख्य क्रिया का तीसरा रूप ही उपयोग किया जाता है।

3. Passive voice में सामान्य रूप से हम मुख्य क्रिया के बाद by का उपयोग करते हैं किंतु कुछ मुख्य क्रियाएं ऐसी भी होती है जिनके बाद हम at, with, to या in का उपयोग किया जाता है।

How To Solve Active-Passive Voice Competitive

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Noun-Competitive English Grammar

अब हम सभी मुख्य वाक्यों का Active से Passive देखेंगे। 

1. Sub + V1 + Obj

He helps me.

    Obj + is/am/are + V3 + by Sub

I am helped by him.

2. Sub + V2 + Obj

He wrote a letter.

Obj + was/were + V3 + by Sub

A letter was written by him.

3. Sub + will/shall + V1 + Obj

He will do this work.

Obj + will/shall + be + V3 + by Sub

This work will be done by him.

How To Solve Active-Passive Voice Competitive

Pronoun-English For Competitive Exam

4. Sub + is/am/are + Ving + Obj

I am writing a letter.

Obj + is/am/are + being + V3 + by Sub

A letter is being written by me.

5. Sub + was/were + Ving + Obj

I was writing a letter.

Obj + was/were + being + V3 + by Sub

A letter was being written by me.

How To Solve Active-Passive Voice Competitive

6. Sub + has/have + V3 + Obj

She has cooked food.

Obj + has/have + been + V3 + by Sub

Food has been cooked by her.

Nervous By English, Read It

7. Sub + had + V3 + Obj

She had cooked food.

Obj + had + been + V3 + by Sub

Food had been cooked by her.

8. Sub + will/shall + have + V3 + Obj

She will have cooked food.

Obj + will/shall + have + been + V3 + by Sub

Food will have been cooked by her.

How To Solve Active-Passive Voice Competitive

9. Sub + Modal verb + V1 + Obj

He can help me.

    Obj + Modal verb + be + V3 + by Sub

I can be helped by him.

Adjective-English For Competitive Exam

10. There + Helping verb + Noun + to + V1

There is a work to do.

There + Helping verb + Noun + to be + V3

There is a work to be done.

11. Sub + has/have + to + V1 + Obj

I have to do this work.

    Obj + has/have + to + be +V3 + by Sub

This work has to be done by me.

12. Sub + had + to + V1 + Obj

I had to do this work.

    Obj + had + to + be +V3 + by Sub

This work had to be done by me.

How To Solve Active-Passive Voice Competitive

Verb-English Grammar For Competitive Exam

13. Sub + will/shall + have + to + V1 + Obj

I shall have to do this work.

    Obj + will/shall + have + to + be +V3 + by Sub

This work will have to be done by me.

14. Sub + is/am/are + to + V1 + Obj

I am to write a letter.

Obj + is/am/are + to + be+ V3 + by Sub

A letter is to be written by me.

15. Sub + was/were + to + V1 + Obj

He was to do this work.

Obj + was/were + to + be+ V3 + by Sub

This work was to be done by him.

Note- ऊपर लिखे सभी वाक्यों का नकारात्मक बनाने के लिए सहायक क्रिया के बाद ही not का उपयोग करेंगे और प्रश्नवाचक बनाने के लिए सहायक क्रिया को Subject या Object के पूर्व रखेंगे, जिस प्रकार से सामान्य वाक्यों में होता है। How To Solve Active-Passive Voice Competitive

Adverb-English For Competitive Exam

16. यदि interrogative sentence Active voice में Who से शुरू होता है तो Passive voice को by whom से शुरू किया जाता है। जैसे-

Who has done this work?

By whom has this work been done?

17. यदि interrogative sentence Active voice में why, when, how, आदि से शुरू होता है तो Passive Voice में इन शब्दों को तो शुरू में ही रखा जाता है किंतु बाकी बचे हुए वाक्य को सामान्य प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य की तरह बदल दिया जाता है। उदाहरण से समझिए।

When did you do this work?

When was this work done by you?

Conjunction-Competitive English Grammar

How To Solve Active-Passive Voice Competitive

18. जिस imperative sentence से आदेश (Order) का बोध होता है उसे निम्न तरह से बदलते हैं।

Let + noun + be + V3

Bring a glass of water.

Let a glass of water be brought.

Open the door.

Let the door be opened.

Question tag-Competitive English Grammar

19. जिस imperative sentence से प्रार्थना (Request) का बोध होता है तो, उसका Passive Voice बनाने के लिए Please को हटा देते हैं और उसके स्थान पर हम You are requested का उपयोग करते हैं तथा बाकी शब्दों को वैसा ही रखा जाता है।

Please bring a glass of water.

You are requested to bring a glass of water.

Open the door, please.

You are requested to open the door.

How To Solve Active-Passive Voice Competitive

20. जिस imperative sentence से सलाह (Advice) का बोध होता है ऐसे वाक्यों का Passive Voice बनाते समय हम Should का उपयोग सहायक क्रिया के रूप में करते हैं, जैसे-

Obey your teacher.

Your teacher should be obeyed.

या फिर

Consult the doctor.

You are advised to consult the doctor.

Narration-Direct-Indirect-English Grammar

21. Interested consisted contained के Passive Voice में by स्थान पर in का उपयोग किया जाता है।

This job interests me.

I am interested in this job.

How To Solve Active-Passive Voice Competitive

22. Pleased, satisfied, disgusted, impressed के Passive Voice में by के स्थान पर with का उपयोग किया जाता है।

Your honesty has pleased me.

I have been pleased with your honesty.

23. Know, obliged के Passive Voice में by के स्थान पर to का उपयोग किया जाता है।

I know him.

He is known to me.

24. Surprised, astonished, shocked, alarmed, disappointed, displeased के Passive Voice के साथ by के स्थान पर at का उपयोग किया जाता है।

Your performance in the match disappointed me.

I was disappointed at your performance in the match.

His condition alarmed me.

I was alarmed at his condition.

How To Solve Active-Passive Voice Competitive

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