Adverb-English For Competitive Exam

Adverb-How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

वह शब्द है जो verb, Adjective तथा Adverb की विशेषता बताएं, जैसे- How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

Ram is a very good boy. (Adjective की विशेषता)

Ram plays well. (verb की विशेषता)

Ram plays very well. (Adverb की विशेषता)

Adv.of time   (समय बताते हैं)           Adv. of manner (कैसे का बोध)

now                                               hard

before                                            well

shortly                                           bravely       

recently                                          beautifully

soon                                                 slowly

daily                                              carefully

then                                                   well



English Point
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Adv.of Frequency  (कितनी बार का बोध)      Adv. of place (कहां का बोध)

always                                                 in

rarely                                                     out

often                                                    there

again                                                    here

seldom                                                  indoors

scarcely                                                 outdoors

once                                                     near

twice                                                     away



Adv.of Degree                          Adv.of Affirmation

or Intensity or                          or Negation (हां या ना का बोध)

Quantity(कितना का बोध)

  Very                                       not

too                                           hardly              

amlost                                       certainly

enough                                     yes





How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

Interrogative Adv. (प्रश्न का बोध)      Relative Adv. (संबंध जोड़ने का काम)

When                                                    Why

Where                                                    Where

How                                                       When


Noun-Competitive English Grammar

Remember by heart: How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

1. Adverbs of manner, place और time की Position सामान्यतः verb या object  के बाद होती है, जैसे- 

He was running slowly.

You should do your work carefully.

I met him yesterday.

They followed him everywhere.

Ram smiles sweetly.

They played well.

Reena sang beautifully.

They are coming here.

We can get this book anywhere.

God lives everywhere.

She is leaving next Monday.

Ram met them yesterday.

Note : यदि वाक्य में दो या दो से अधिक 

Adverbs हो तो उनका क्रम होगा Manner + Place + time या MPT याद रखें। जैसे

They sang sweetly in the school last night.

P.M. will come here tomorrow.

Rani ran fast in the race.

How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

Noun-Competitive English Grammar

 2. Adverb of frequency main verb के पहले आती है, जैसे-

He often goes to Bhopal.

I am never late for school.

I quite agree with you.

They always ask for money.

3. Adverbs को सामान्यत: जिस Adjective या Adverb को modify कर रहा है, उसके पहले रखा जाता है। जैसे-

Ram played very well.

यहां very well को modify कर रहा है।

She drives rather faster than she ought to.

It is rather a long book.

Pronoun-English For Competitive Exam

 4. Adverb के रूप में Enough का उपयोग Adjective या Adverb के बाद किया जाता है, जैसे-

You are intelligent enough to learn English.

She is strong enough to beat him.

This place is good enough.

It is hot enough.

Pronoun-English For Competitive Exam

5. Only का उपयोग जिसे वह modify कर रहा है, ठीक उसके पहले होना चाहिए अन्यथा वाक्य का अर्थ पूर्ण रूप से बदल जाएगा, जैसे-

Hari answered only two questions.

Only Hari answered two questions.

He can run only one km.

Only he can run one km.

How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

Adjective-English For Competitive Exam

6. Have to और Used to का उपयोग Adverb के बाद किया जाता है, जैसे-

He often used to go to the cinema.

They always have to run fast.

7. Nearly और Almost का अर्थ होता है करीब-करीब  या लगभग तथा इनका उपयोग helping verb के बाद किंतु main verb के पहले किया जाता है, जैसे-

She has nearly done her work.

She has almost done her work.

There are nearly two hundred temples in Ujjain.

There are almost two hundred temples in Ujjain.

Adjective-English For Competitive Exam

 8. Late अर्थात समय के बाद

Lately अर्थात हाल ही में

They have come late.

The train comes late.

Have you smoked lately.

They have not watched the movie lately.

How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

Verb-English Grammar For Competitive Exam

 9. Fairly और Rather का अर्थ होता है सामान्य  मात्रा में न ज्यादा न कम किंतु Fairly का उपयोग  अच्छे गुण बताने के लिए किया जाता है  जबकि Rather का उपयोग दुर्गुण बताने के लिए  किया जाता है, जैसे-

Ram was rather stupid.

They are rather cunning.

The story was rather boring.

She is fairly good.

Ram was fairly wise.

Rather के बाद too का उपयोग हो सकता है

किंतु fairly के बाद नहीं।

She was rather too bad.

She was fairly too good. (x)

How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

Verb-English Grammar For Competitive Exam

10. Just का मतलब अभी या थोड़ी देर पहले और इसका उपयोग Present Perfect Tense में किया जाता है जबकि  

Just now का अर्थ भी अभी या एक्शन पहले होता है किंतु इसका उपयोग Past tense में किया जाता है, जैसे-

They finished the job just now.

They have just finished the job.

We have just taken dinner.

We took dinner just now.

 11. Still अर्थात अब तक और उपयोग सकारात्मक तथा  प्रश्नवाचक वाक्यों में जबकि

Yet अर्थात अब तक (बोलने के समय तक) और इसका  उपयोग नकारात्मक वाक्य में किया जाता है।

Ram is still unsatisfied.

Is he still playing?

My brother still lives in Bhopal.

Is she still asleep?

She has not reached yet.

You have not returned my book yet.

They have not understood yet.

How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

Verb-English Grammar For Competitive Exam

 12. Hard अर्थात सख्त या कड़ा

Hardly अर्थात मुश्किल से या शायद ही

The rod is hard. She worked hard.

She hardly works.

You will not succeed because you hardly labours.

He can hardly sing a song.

 13. Before और Ago दोनों का अर्थ है- पहले किंतु Before, Point of time बताता है और Past  और Future दोनों में उपयोग किया जाता है जबकि Ago, Period of time बताता है  और सिर्फ Past में उपयोग किया जाता है, जैसे-

This happened a month ago.

She went to Bhopal before Holi.

The practice of sati was legal before 1829.

He went to Bombay two year ago.

I will pay you before Sunday.

How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

 14. Very और much दोनों का अर्थ बहुत होता है किंतु  Very, positive degree के साथ उपयोग किया जाता है  जबकि much, comparative degree के साथ उपयोग  किया जाता है, जैसे-

She was very strong.

She was much stronger than Radhika.

Ram is very intelligent.

Ram is much more intelligent than sita.

Radha is very beautiful.

Radha is much more beautiful than Seema.

She is very much wiser than her friend.

This pen is very much better than yours.

This is a very good novel.

That news was very surprising. (Present Participle)

That news was much interested. (Past Participle)

 15. Too का अर्थ होता है “उतना जितना नहीं होना चाहिए”  अथवा “जरूरत से ज्यादा” यह दोष बताता है।  अतः इसका उपयोग दुर्गुण बताने में किया जाता है, जैसे-

Ram is too happy to see you again.

The sun is too hot. You are too poor in English.

She is too poor to buy a Car.

They are too dull to solve this problem.

Too…… to से अच्छे अथवा बुरे गुणों को बताया जाता है,  जैसे-

You are too smart to be rejected by a girl.

She was too tired to walk.

too + much + noun

much + too + Adjective

He has too much pain.

It is much too painful.

 16. None too का अर्थ है not very जबकि

Only too  का अर्थ है very

She is only too happy to see her husband.

She is only too unhappy to see her husband.

They are none too good.

They are none too bad.

How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

17. यदि किसी वाक्य का आरंभ no sooner, hardly, seldom, scarcely, never, rarely, etc. से होता है  तो Helping verb को Subject के पहले रखते हैं, जैसे-

No sooner had the teacher come than the students kept silent.

No sooner did the teacher come than the students kept silent.

Never do they come here.

Seldom had she seen them.

 18.  यदि वाक्य only yesterday, only then, only last year, In no way, under no circumstances,

round the corner, under a tree, in the valley, outside the gate etc. से आरंभ होता है  तो भी Helping verb  को Subject के पहले रखा जाता है, जैसे-

Only yesterday did he get the job.

Under a tree was an old farmer lying.

 19. Present तथा Past time Conditional में  भी चाहो तो If का उपयोग ना करके helping verb  को Subject के पहले रखा जा सकता है। इससे वाक्य के अर्थ पर कोई फर्क नहीं पड़ता है, जैसे-

If I Were = Were I

If I had = Had I

If she were a bird, she would fly to me.

Were she a bird, she would fly to me.

If he had come to me, I would have helped him.

Had he come to me, I would have helped him.

How To Solve Adverb English Competitive Exam

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