7. Social Sector MCQ On Indian Economy

1. Which of the following schemes was launched to provide cooked food to school going children in India so that they are motivated to come to school regularly ?

(a) Right To Education

(b) Food for Work Scheme

(c) Mid-Day Meal Scheme 

(d) Annapurna Scheme

(e) None of these

2. Which of the following programmes is being implemented by the National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development (NABARD) ?

(a) Prime Minister’s Rojgar Yojana (PMRY)

(b) Swarnjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY)

(c) District Rural Industrial Project (DRIP)

(d) Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP)

(e) None of these

3. The Mid-Day Meal Scheme has been launched by the Union Minister of: 

(a) Home Affairs o sihol io ypilog ord et l

(b) Social Welfare 

(c) Human Resource Development 

(d) Rural Development

(e) None of these

4. STEP is the abbreviated name of the welfare programme to help:

(a) Children

(b) Women

(c) Farmers

(d) Senior Citizens

(e) Ex-Servicemen

5. Which of the following represents T in the abbreviation


(a) Integrated

(b) Indian

(c) Insurance

(d) Important

(e) Internal

6. Which of the following is the scheme for which the entire premium of the assured person is paid by the Central Government ?

(a) Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana 

(b) Jawahar Bima Yojana 

(c) Shiksha Sahyog Yojana

(d) Krishi Shramik Samajik Suraksha Yojana 

(e) None of these

7. Which of the following is a project to develop watersheds in India ?

(a) DRDO

(b) CARE

(c) AVARD 


(e) None of these

8. Which of the following indexes is developed to measure life expectancy, level of literacy, education and standard of living of people in a country ?

(a) Inflation

(b Sensex

(c) SLR

(d) Human Development Index (HDI)

(e) None of these

9. Which of The following schemes is designed and launched to improve the living standards of urban poor ?

1 Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA)

2. Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)

3. Valmiki Ambedkar Malin Basti Awas Yojana (VAMBAY)

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2 

(c) Only 3

(d) All 1, 2 and 3 

(e) None of these

10. Which of the following is NOT a social sector programme of the Government of India ?

(a) Mid-Day Meal Scheme

(b) Sarva Siksha Abhiyan

(c) National Rural Health Mission

(d) Integrated Child Development Services

(e) Look East Policy

11. The Government has renamed NREGA scheme and the name associated with the scheme is that of:

(a) Rajeev Gandhi

(b) Indira Gandhi

(c) Mahatma Gandhi

(d) Jawahar Lal Nehru

12. In India, the Community Development Programme was started on:

(a) October 2, 1952

(b) October 2, 1957

(c) October 2, 1959

(d) October 2, 1961

13.Community Development Programme was initiated primarily to:

(a) to bring development among people by raising the literacy level

(b) bring about overall development of the village through self-help

(c) increasing the control of the masses over the locally available resources

(d) increase agricultural production through mechanised farming

14. Consider the following indicators :

I. Life expectancy at birth 

II. Adult literacy rate

III. Infant mortality rate

Which of these are taken into account while preparing the Human Development Index in India ?

(a) I and II

(b) I and III

(c) II and III

(d) I, II and II 

15. The principle objective of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan of the Ministry of Human Resource Development is to provide:

(a) elementary education to all

(b) elementary education to all the girls

(c) elementary education to all the minority groups

(d) elementary education to all in the North-Eastern States of the country

16. Mid-Day Meal is a scheme to provide nutritious food to:

(a) those taking treatment in hospitals

(b) school going children

(c) daily wage employees/labours

(d) labourers engaged in jobs in unorganised sectors

(e) girls who are residing in girls/youth hostels

17. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan is aimed at the education of which of the following?

(a) Engineering and technical education

(b) Education of girls upto graduation level

(c) College education

(d) Adult education

(e) Education of children between 6-14 years

18. Which of the following is true about the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) ?

1. It is applicable in 100 rural district.

2. It gives a guaranteed employment of 100 days at all those who are eligible for the same and are also willing to take it.

3. This act is applicable only, for men between the of 21-65. Women do not get the benefit of the same.

(a) only 1

(b) only 2

(c) only3

(d) All 1, 2 and3

(e) None of these

19. Which of the following schemes was launched to promote basic education in India and attract children in school going age to attend the classes?

(a) Pulse Polio Abhiyan

(b) Operation Flood

(c) Mid-Day Meal Scheme 

(d) Operation Black Board

(e) None of these 

20. Which of the following is NOT a social development scheme launched by the Government of India ?

(a) Indira Awas Yojana

(b) Kutir Jyoti

(c) Operation Black Board 

(d) Mid-Day Meal Scheme

(e) Look East Policy

21. Structural unemployment arises due to : 

(a) Deflationary conditions

(b) Heavy industry bias 

(c) Shortage of raw materials

(d) Inadequate productive capacity

MCQ On Indian Economy

22. The standard of living in a country is represented by

(a) Poverty Ratio

(b) Per Capita Income

(c) National Income

(d) Unemployment Rate

23. Which plan gave emphasis on removal of poverty for the first time?

(a) Fourth

(b) Fifth

(c) Sixth

(d) Seventh

24. NREGP is the abbreviated form of :

(a) National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme

(b) National Rural Educational Guarantee Programme

(c) National Rapid Educational Guarantee Programme

(d) National Rapid EmploymentGeneration Programme

25. When was the Jawahar Rozgar Yojana launched ?

(a) 1985

(b) 1987

(c) 1989

(d) 1991

26. Which is NOT the objective of the Public Procurement and Distribution System followed by the Indian Government ?

(a) Maintain price stability through creation of buffer stocks

(b) Protect the interests of both consumers and poor farmers

(c) Control the production of food grains

(d) Reduce personal and regional inequality in the distribution

27. A situation where we have people whose level of income is not sufficient to meet the minimum consumption expenditure is considered as:

(a) Absolute Poverty

(b) Relative Poverty been

(c) Urban Poverty

(d) Rural Poverty

28. Nature of unemployment in agriculture in India is :

(a) seasonal

(b) disguised

(c) both ‘a’ and ‘b’

(d) None of these

29. Which one of the following types of unemployment is common in Indian agriculture ?

(a) Seasonal

(b) Disguised

(c) Frictional 

(d) Structural 

30. The implementation of Jawahar Rojgar Yojana rests with:

(a) Gram Panchayat 

(b) District Collector

(c) State Government

(d) Union Government

31. As per the recent reports published in newspapers/ magzines, India ranks at a lower level in the Hunger Index. The Hunger Index is measured on which of the following indicators?

1. No. of people who are calories-deficient

2. Child malnutrition

3. Rate of child mortality

4. Rate of literacy

(a) only 1 and 2 

(b) only 3 and 4

(c) only 1, 2 and 3

(d) All 1, 2, 3 and 4

(e) None of these

32. Which of the following schemes launched by the Government of India provides a guaranteed 100 days employment to rural employment-seekers in India?

(a) Bharat Nirman

(b) Swarnajayanti Grameen Rojgar Yojana 

(c) National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 

(d) National Food for Work Programme

(e) None of these

33. Which of the following two programmes are the parts of the National Social Assistance Programme of the Government of India ?

1. Indira Awas Yojana & Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana

2. National Food for work & Mid-Day Meal Scheme

3. National Old Age Pension Scheme & National Family Benefit Scheme

(a) Only 1 

(b) Only 2

(c) Only 3

(d) Both 1 and 2 

(e) All 1, 2 and 3

MCQ On Indian Economy

34. Which of the following programmes was launched to tackle special problems faced by those areas which are affected by drought conditions frequently ?

1. Desert Development Programme 

2. Drought Prone Areas Programme

3. Watershed Development Programme

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Only 3

(d) Both 1 and 2 

(e) All 1, 2 and 3

35. Many times we see in newspapers that some projects are launched by the government authorities on PPP” basis. What is the full form of ‘PPP?

(a) Preferential Payment Plan

(b) Public Private Partnership

(c) Partial Payment Project

(d) Popular Private Project

(e) Public Private Plan

36. Which of the following schemes is NOT a part of National Social Assistance Programme?

1. National old Age Pension Scheme

2. National Family Benefit Scheme 

3. Services for the Poor Programme

(a) Only 1 

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Both 2 and 3 

(e) None of these

37. Which of the following is NOT a social programme launched by the Government of India

(a) Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan 


(c) Mid-Day Meal Scheme

(d) National Rural Health Mission

(e) Overseas Indian Citizenship Scheme

38. Which of the following is the name of the organisation, created to provide full employment and self- reliance to the women folk in India ?

(a) OECD


(c) SVP

(d) USO

(e) SEWA

39. Which of the following organisations//agencies is specifically set up to boost overall rural development in India?

(a) RBI



(d) SEBI 

(e) None of these 

40. Which of The followingministrieshaslaunchedIntegrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP) ?

(a) Ministry of Rural Development 

(b) Ministry of Agriculture 

(c) Ministry of Chemical and Fertilizers 

(d) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

(e) None of these

41. ‘Food for Work Programme’ was introduced during which one of the following Five Year Plans ?

(a) I 

(b) II 

(c) V

(d) IX

42. Annapurna Scheme launched by the Government of India fromApril, 2000was meant to provide food security to the:

(a) Rural poor living below the poverty line

(b) Urban slum-dwellers living below the poverty line

(c) Senior citizens not covered under National Old Age Pension Scheme

(d) Victims of natural calamities who are forced to migrate to other areas 

43. Consider the following:

1. Per Capita Income

2. Life expectancy at birth

3. Adult Literacy Rate

4. Gross enrolment ratio for schools

Which of the above is/are the parameters for the measurement of Human Development Index (HDI) by UNDP?

(a) 1 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(6) 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 

44. Consider the following statements:

1. Indira Awas Yojana seeks to provide shelter to rural households living below the poverty line.

2. Allotment of house under Indira Awas Yojana 50 made only in the name of female member of the household.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 

(d) None

45. What is Vande Mataram Scheme?

(a) A scheme to encourage youth to join defence forces

(b) An initiative in public-private partnership to reduce maternal mortality

(c) A new strategy included in the revised family planning programme to put emphasis on saving pregnant women from HIV/AIDS

(d) A scheme sponsored by the Union Government to provide old age homes to the destitute and poor old women

46. Consider the following:

1. Indira Awas Yojana

2. Swarnjayanti Gram Sadak Yojana

3. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana

4. Sampoorna Grameen Rojgar Yojana

Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the above Yojana?

(a) 1,2, 3, 4 

(b) 2, 1, 3, 4 

(c) 1,2, 4, 3 

(d) 2, 1, 4, 3

MCQ On Indian Economy

47. The major thrust of Jawahar Rojgar Yojana (JRY) is on:

(a) providing training to rural youth for self-employment

(b) creating additional wage employment opportunities in rural areas

(c) creating employment opportunities in urban areas

(d) removal of poverty among the Scheduled Castes in rural areas

48. Main objective of IRDP is :

(a) Export Promotion

(b) Banking Reforms

(c) Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation

(d) Sound Fiscal Management

49. Relative Poverty refers to:

(a) bankruptcy

(b) trade cycle

(c) minimum needs of life 

(d) economic inequalities

50. Which one is NOT a component to construct the Human Development Index in India under UNDP (United Nation Development Programme) ?

(a) Real GDP per capita in US Dollar 18192

(b) Literacy Rate

(c) Life Expectancy at Birth

(d) Infant Mortality Rate

51. Which one is NOT the component of the Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana ?

(a) Elementary Education 

(b) Primary Health

(c) Rural Road

(d) Nutrition

52. Which is NOT included in Social Infrastructure ?

(a) Education

(b) Telecommunication

(c) Housing

(d) Health 

53. Swarnjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana came into being in

(a) April, 1995

(b) April, 1997

(c) April, 1999

(d) July, 2001

54. Intake of less than undernoted average daily calories per person has been defined as the Poverty Line’ in urban areas by the Planning Commission of India

(a) 2100 

(b) 2400 

(c) 2700 

(d) 3000

55. Match List-I with List-II and select your answer from the code given below

     List-I                                                       List-II  

A. Swajal Dhara Yojana                              1. Rural water supply

B. Hariyali Yojana                                        2. Watershed management

C. Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana   3. Rural self-employment

D. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana      4. Rural connectivity

Note : All Matched.

56. In which Five Year Plan, the main objective was the eradication of poverty ?

(a) Fourth Five Year Plan

(b) Fifth Five Year Plan

(c) Sixth Five Year Plan

(d) Seventh Five Year Plan

57. The Prime Minister Gramodaya Yojana does NOT include:

(a) Basic education

(b) Nutritious food, drinking water and healthW

(c) Rural roads and housing 

(d) Small scale industries

58. District Primary Education Programme was initiated in the year:

(a) 1991

(b) 1994

(c) 1996

(d) 1999

59. Disguised employment refers to:

(a) persons with no job

(b) unemployment among housewives

(c) unemployment among people above 60 years of age

(d) employment of more persons in a job which lesser number of persons can accomplish 

MCQ On Indian Economy

60. In terms of Human Development Index the most developed State of India is

(a) Kerala

(b) Punjab

(c) Tamil Nadu

(d) Uttar Pradesh )

61. The Chairman of the National Knowledge Commission is:

(a) Rahul Gandhi

(b) Rahul Bajaj

(c) M. S. Swaminathan 

(d) Sam Pitroda

62. Under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, number of days for which employment guarantee during one year has been given is :

(a) 90 days

(b) 100 days 

(c) 120 days

(d) 180 days 

63. Which one of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched?

Scheme               Commencement Year

(a) TRYSEM        August, 1979

(b) NREP             October, 1980

(c) JRY                April, 1995

(d) SGSY            April, 1999

64. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer using the code given below :

Assertion (A): Educated unemployment increases with a high rate of economic growth.

Reason (R) It happens only when there is a lack of professional education.


(a) Both A and R are true and Ris the correct explanation of A

(b) BothA and R are true but is not a correct explanation of A

(c) A is true but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

65. Select the one which is NOT the responsibility of Gram Sabha under the Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 :

(a) To recommend projects to the Gram Panchayat and prepare list of possible works

(b) To receive applications for work and issue a rated receipt

(c) To monitor the execution of works within the Gram Panchayat

(d) To conduct regular social audits of all the projects taken up within the Gram Panchayat 

66. In India disguised unemployment is found in:

(a) Agricultural sector

(b) Industrial sector

(c) Service sector

(d) Trade sector

67. Who among the following developed the concept of Human Development Index ?

(a) Amartya Sen

(b) A. S. Kadir

(c) Alva Myrdal

(d) Mehboob-ul-Haq

68. The National Rural Employment Scheme was launched throughout the country from:

(a) 1-4-2007 

(b) 2-10-2007

(c) 14-11-2007

(d) 1-4-2008

69. Mid-Day Meal Scheme was launched in 1995 to  promote :

(a) Adult literacy

(b) Secondary education

(c) Universalization of primary education

(d) None of these

70. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) does NOT

(a) Promote inclusive growth

(b) Guarantee 100 days employment in a year to every adult member of a rural household

(c) Enhances livelihood security to rural households

(d) Guarantee wage employment 

71. Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana was started in the year :

(a) 1999

(b) 2000

(c) 2001 

(d) 2004

72. National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme was launched in initially in:

(a) 100 Districts

(b) 200 Districts

(c) 330 Districts

(d) All the Districts

73. Mid-Day Meal Scheme was started in the year:


(b) 1996


(d) 1998

74. National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched in the year

(a) 2003 

(b) 2004

(c) 2005

(d) 2006

MCQ On Indian Economy

75. While calculating HDI, the maximum value for Life Expectancy at birth (years) are taken as :

(a) 100 and 25

(b) 90 and 30

(c) 85 and 25

(d) 80 and 20

76. Poverty level in India is established on the basis of:

(a) Per capita income in different States oe

(b) House-hold average income

(c) House-hold consumer expenditure

(d) Slum population in the country

77. Which one of the following is NOT a constituent of Human Development Index (HDI) ? (a) Per Capita Income 

(b) Life Expectancy at Birth 

(c) Gross Enrolment Rate

(d) Health and Nutrition

78. Mid-Day Meal Scheme is financed and managed by:

(a) Food and Civil Supply Department of State Governments

(b) Department of Consumer Affairs and Welfare

(c) Ministry of Programme Implementation

(d) Ministry of Human Resource Development

79. Which of the following is NOT included in the Human Development Index (HDI) ? 

(a) Life Expectancy bals

(b) Real Per Capita Income

(c) Social Inequality 

(d) Adult Literacy.

80. Scheme of Mid-Day Meal is NOT connected with:

(a) Educational advancement

(b) Social equity

(c) Right to food

(d) Child nutrition

81. The programme announced by the Prime Minister for the minorities in India is called :

(a) Antyodaya Programme

(b) 20 Point Programme

(c) 15 Point Programme

(d) Prime Minister Rojgar Yojana

82. National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme is different from other employment programme, because:

(a) It is also applicable in urban areas

(b) There is guarantee of 200 days employment in a financial year

(c) Employment To be given within 30 days of application for work

(d) It is not a plan for employment but legal guarantee to work

MCQ On Indian Economy

83. When was the concept of the Human Development Index (HDI) introduced by the United Nations Development Programme ?

(a) 1990

(c) 1993

(b) 1991

(d) 1995

84. In terms of Human Development Index, India falls under the following category :

(a) High

(b) Medium

(c) Very Low

(d) Low

85. For reducing birth rate in India Amartya Sen has emphasised :

(a) The need for improving female literacy

(b) The need for reducing mortality

(c) The need for increasing per capita income

(d) The need for increasing the growth rate of Gross Domestic Product

86. Which of the following statements is correct regarding Indira Awas Yojana ?

(a) Soil and water conservation works 

(b) Construction of rural roads

(c) Providing houses at free of cost to the members of SC/ST and free bonded labourers

(d) Land development and wasteland development

87. One which of the following bases has the planning commission defined “Poverty Line in rural areas in India?

(a) 1800 kcal

(b) 2400 kcal

(c) 2500 kcal

(d) 2600 kcal

88. Indian Development Report does NOT give for each sample village :

(a) Infrastructure and Amenities Index

(b) Education Related Index

(c) Health Related Index

(d) Unemployment Related Index

89. The Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana which came into operation from 1.12.1997 aims to provide gainful employment to the urban unemployed or underemployed poor but does NOT include:

(a) Nehru Rojgar Yojana

(b) Urban Basic Service Programme

(c) Prime Minister’s Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme

(d) Prime Minister’s Rojgar Yojana

90. Consider the following schemes launched by the Union Government:

1. Antyodaya Anna

2. Gram Sadak Yojana

3. Sarvapriya

4. Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana

Which of these was announced in the year 2000 ?

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 and 4

(c) 3 and 4

(d) 1, 2 and 3 

91. The Prices at which the government purchases food grains for maintaining the Public Distribution System (PDS) and for building up buffer-stock is known as

(a) minimum support Prices 

(b) procurement prices

(c) issue prices

(d) ceiling prices

92. National Agricultural Insurance Scheme replacing Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme was introduced in the year:

(a) 1997

(b) 1998

(c) 1999

(d) 2000

93. What is the name of the scheme which provides training and skills to women in traditional and non-traditional traders ?

(a) Kishori Shakti Yojana 

(b) Rashtriya Mahila Kosh


(d) Swawlamban

94. Among the following, who are eligible to benefit from MahatmaGandhiNationalRural EmploymentGuarantee Act (MGNREGA) ?

(a) Adult members of only the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe households

(b) Adult members of Below Poverty Line (BPL) households

(c) Adult members of households of all Backward Communities

(d) Adult members of any households

MCQ On Indian Economy

95. With reference to the National Rural Health Mission, which of the following are the jobs of ‘ASHA’, a trained community health worker ?

1. Accompanying women to the health facility for antenatal care checkup

2. Using pregnancy test kits for early detection of pregnancy

3. Providing information on nutrition and immunization

4. Conducting the delivery of baby

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

96. How does the National Rural Livelihood Mission seek to improve livelihood options of rural poor ?

1.By setting up a large number of new manufacturing industries and agribusiness centres in rural areas

2. By strengthening ‘self-help groups’ and providing skill development

3. By supplying seeds, fertilizers, diesel pump-sets and micro irrigation equipment free of cost to farmers

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

MCQ On Indian Economy

97. The Multi-dimensional Poverty Index developed by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative with UNDP support covers which of the following?

1. Deprivation of education, health, assets and services at household level

2. Purchasing power parity at national level

3. Extent of budget deficit and GDP growth rate at national level

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

98. The endeavour of Janani Suraksha Yojana Programme is :

1. to promote institutional deliveries

2. to provide monetary assistance to the mother to meet the cost of delivery

3. to provide for wage loss due to pregnancy and confinement

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1,2 and 3 

99. Consider the following:

1. Hotels and restaurants

2. Motor transport undertakings

3. Newspaper establishments

4. Private medical institutions

The employees of which of the above can have the ‘Social Security’ coverage under Employees’ State Insurance Scheme ?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

100. PradhanMantriJan-Dhan Yojana has been launched for :

(a) Providing Housing Loan to poor people at cheaper interest rates

(b) Promoting Women’s Self Help Groups in backward areas

(c) Promoting Financial Inclusion in the country

(d) Providing Financial Help to the marginalized communities

MCQ On Indian Economy

101. PradhanMantriJan-Dhan Yojana Was Launched in India on

(a) 26th January, 2015

(b) 28th August, 2014

(c) 5th September, 2014 

(d) 8th December, 2014 

102. ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ scheme has been launched in India is-

(a) April 2015

(b) March 2015

(c) Feb 2015 

(d) Jan 2015 

103.Mission Indradhanush’ is related to 910V t9

(a) Bullet train project

(b) Agriculture development

(c) Women empowerment 

(d) Full immunization

MCQ On Indian Economy

Nature Of Indian Economy
National income in India
Indian Economy Planning
Population of India
Natural Resources Of India 
Infrastructure Energy, Transportation, Communication

MCQ On Indian Economy

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